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Shale oil extraction - Wikipedia

Shale oil extraction is an industrial process for unconventional oil production. This process converts kerogen in oil shale into shale oil by pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution.The resultant shale oil is used as fuel oil or upgraded to meet refinery feedstock specifications by adding hydrogen and removing sulfur and nitrogen impurities.. Shale oil extraction is usually performed .

Feedstock: Oil shale

Total porosity measurement in gas shales by the water .

Jan 30, 2014  A porosity measurement using a liquid saturation and immersion technique with deionized water was adopted and modified for such applications. The water immersion porosimetry (WIP) technique was used to measure total porosity of shale samples from an Eastern Europe Silurian gas shale play and the Haynesville Shale from East , USA.

Cited by: 97

SPE 162235 Shale Permeability Measurements on Plugs and .

SPE 162235 Shale Permeability Measurements on Plugs and Crushed Samples Ali Tinni, Ebrahim Fathi, Rajiv Agarwal, Carl Sondergeld, Yucel Akkutlu, and Chandra Rai

Methods Improve Shale Core Analysis

grain crushing and changes in rock struc-ture. This is in contrast to sandstones and siltstones, which exhibit more local-ized contacts, develop high stress con-centrations at the grain-to-grain boundaries, and have a high propensity for changing . Methods Improve Shale Core Analysis .

Geology test 2 Flashcards Quizlet

the original method of processing oil shale involved crushing the rock and then heating it. what environmental problem did this create that the new method (heating the rock in its place) seeks to avoid?

Core Laboratories: GRI (Crushed Shale) Analysis

Particles in the 20-35 US mesh size range (0.85 to 0.5mm), above, are used in the GRI core analysis method. In typical shale or mudrock, each particle will contain many thousands of individual grains and the associated pore bodies and pore throats.

UCRL- 89887 PREPRINT INCIPIENT FLUIDIZATION .

UCRL- 89887 PREPRINT INCIPIENT FLUIDIZATION CHARACTERISTICS OF CRUSHED OIL SHALE David E. Chnstiansei . function of the type of mill used for t.ht final tep in crushing the shale. dependence upon crushing method and gas viscosity as altered by operating

Measuring the Gas Content of Coal: A Review

Measuring the gas content of coal: A review William P. Diamond @ , Steven J. Schatzel . of gas desorbed from samples of oil shale (Schatzel et al., 1987), is based on measuring . Thus quick-crushing methods are appropriate for the mining applications for which they were intended. However, by crushing the sample early in the desorption

Shale Permeability Measurements on Plugs and Crushed .

The permeabilities of several Devonian and Ordovician age shale plugs were measured with a pressure build up technique using nitrogen as flowing gas. A permeability decrease by an order of magnitude was generally observed for the Ordovician shale plugs with an

Cited by: 144

Permeability measurements in mudrocks using gas-expansion .

Permeability results from this method are in fair agreement with those from the pulse-decay method. The traditional Gas Research Institute (GRI) method was applied to crushed-rock Eagle Ford Shale samples. The results were comparable to reported permeability for an Eagle Ford Shale sample.

Cited by: 25

Laboratory characterization of the porosity and .

The crushed shale method has been widely used by industry to measure the porosity and permeability of shale. Theoretically, the method offers many advantages over traditional laboratory techniques. The current study has conducted experimental measurements, numerical modelling and sent six samples to leading service companies for a round-robin test.

Analysis and Evaluation of Different Measuring Methods for .

Analysis and Evaluation of Different Measuring Methods for Shale Porosity: YANG Wei 1,2, XUE LianHua 1, TANG Jun 3, LV ChengFu 1, XU Yong 1,4, YANG Shuang 1,4, CHEN GuoJun 1: 1. Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources, Gansu Province/Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources Research, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000;

CN105019877A - Calculating method for size of fracturing .

The invention discloses a calculating method for the size of a fracturing and broken region of a horizontal well for shale. The calculating method comprises following steps of: A, utilizing the theory of crack propagation available to establish a hydraulic fracture extension model during a shale fracturing process; B, utilizing the theory of rock mechanics available to establish a model for .

An Assessment of Oil Shale Technologies (Part 7 of 18)

the generic types of retorting methods Summary Oil shale contains a solid hydrocarbon called kerogen that when heated (retorted) yields combusti-ble gases, crude shale oil, and a solid residue called . Figure 19.–Oil Shale Utilization Mining Crushing or In situ retort Wastes b preparation byproducts 7 Treated Re-Use ~ % * Reinfection m .

Shale Oil Recovery Technology - Introduction - Description .

Crushing and Screening of Oil Shale Rocks. The chunks of extracted rock are transported to the crushing plant where they undergo processing into small ½" to 3" lumps suitable for retorting. Next: Above and Below Ground Retorting of Oil Shale. Above and Below Ground Retorting of Oil Shale. There are two basic methods of extracting oil from the .

History of the oil shale industry in the United States .

It funded oil-shale studies by the US Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines built a test facility at Anvil Points on Naval Oil Shale Reserve 1, to test methods of mining, crushing, and retorting the Green River oil shales. It started to develop the gas combustion retort process.

The Difference Between Shale Oil and Oil Shale - Investopedia

Oct 20, 2019  Two methods have been developed to extract petroleum products from oil shale. One is to mine it like the rock it is and then heat it in the low-oxygen

FIELD SAMPLING AND TESTING MANUAL TESTING

FIELD SAMPLING AND TESTING MANUAL . TESTING PROCEDURES . FOR ALL TESTS . . NDDOT 3 Shale, Iron Oxide Particles, Lignite and Other Coal, Soft Particles. aggregate are desired, this test method is used on the aggregate sample prior to dry sieving according to ND T 27. The results of this procedure are included in

Chemical and isotopic composition of gases released by .

Jan 01, 2014  abstract = "We report on the composition of mudrock gases released under vacuum by ball-mill rock crushing and pressure induced fracturing. Nine core samples from organic rich Barnett Shale were used in this study.

Petrophysical Considerations in Evaluating and Producing .

Petrophysical Considerations in Evaluating and Producing Shale Gas Resources . method works well with a multiplier . we can’t afford to crush ¾ lb of shale! Conclusions and Recommendations.

5 The original method of processing oil shale involved .

5. The original method of processing oil shale involved crushing the rock and then heating it. What environmental problem did this create that the new method (heating the rock in place) seeks to avoid? Ans: disposing of large volumes of waste rock 6. Gas hydrates represent a potential source of

Robert C. Hartman1, Pat Lasswell , and Nimesh Bhatta

Recent Advances in the Analytical Methods Used for Shale Gas Reservoir Gas-in-Place Assessment* By Robert C. Hartman1, Pat Lasswell2, and Nimesh Bhatta1 Search and Discovery Article #40317 (2008) Posted October 30, 2008 *Adapted from oral presentation at AAPG Annual Convention, San Antonio, , April 20-23, 2008

Utilising selective extraction, crushing and separation of .

The main methods for selective extraction of limestone, oil shale and phosphate rock have been selective blasting, bulldozer and excavator ripping and cutting by surface miners. Selective crushing has been achieved by axle crusher and separation by jigging. All methods have shown promising results for changing the waste rock balance in the product.

US1314752A - Burned shale and method of preparing the sake .

The method of preparing shale rock for use as an aggregate which consists in burning the rock, crushing it, and treating the crushed and burned material to eliminate the pulverulent particles. 4 5. Concrete comprising as an ingredient naturally decomposed shale

Chemical and isotopic composition of gases released by .

Jan 01, 2014  abstract = "We report on the composition of mudrock gases released under vacuum by ball-mill rock crushing and pressure induced fracturing. Nine core samples from organic rich Barnett Shale were used in this study.

(PDF) Shale Permeability Measurements on Plugs and Crushed .

PDF The economic viability of a shale play is strongly dependent on permeability which is often on the order of nanodarcies. Permeabilities are measured on core plugs or crushed samples using .

MnDOT GRADING BASE MANUAL - dot.state.mn.us

MnDOT GRADING BASE MANUAL (Note: Use with the 2018 standard specifications. Use the 2016 Grading and Base Manual with the 2016 and prior standard specifications.) Published by Geotechnical Section Grading Base Unit February 21, 2018

5 The original method of processing oil shale involved .

5. The original method of processing oil shale involved crushing the rock and then heating it. What environmental problem did this create that the new method (heating the rock in place) seeks to avoid? Ans: disposing of large volumes of waste rock 6. Gas hydrates represent a potential source of

Utilising selective extraction, crushing and separation of .

The main methods for selective extraction of limestone, oil shale and phosphate rock have been selective blasting, bulldozer and excavator ripping and cutting by surface miners. Selective crushing has been achieved by axle crusher and separation by jigging. All methods have shown promising results for changing the waste rock balance in the product.

US1314752A - Burned shale and method of preparing the sake .

The method of preparing shale rock for use as an aggregate which consists in burning the rock, crushing it, and treating the crushed and burned material to eliminate the pulverulent particles. 4 5. Concrete comprising as an ingredient naturally decomposed shale

Breaking Shale - Method 2 - YouTube

Mar 24, 2018  Buy at : shop101/juturusshop?1342m1 You can break shale in this method also as shale is sedimentary rock which has a lot of layers . You can see whil.

CASE STUDY OF SHALE OIL PRODUCTION

CASE STUDY OF SHALE OIL PRODUCTION . 2.3.3 Chevron Crush Process 14 2.3.4 ExxonMobil Electrofrac Process 15 . oil refining, there are two basic methods to extract kerogen from oil shale. First method is a cracking process named as surface retorting used to break down the

Geology Final Flashcards Quizlet

The original method of processing oil shale involved crushing the rock and then heating it. What environmental problem did this create that the new method (heating the rock in place) seeks to avoid? disposing of large volumes of waste rock

Robert C. Hartman1, Pat Lasswell , and Nimesh Bhatta

Recent Advances in the Analytical Methods Used for Shale Gas Reservoir Gas-in-Place Assessment* By Robert C. Hartman1, Pat Lasswell2, and Nimesh Bhatta1 Search and Discovery Article #40317 (2008) Posted October 30, 2008 *Adapted from oral presentation at AAPG Annual Convention, San Antonio, , April 20-23, 2008

Interdependence between point load index, compressive .

Sep 01, 2015  It has been suggested in the literature that there is a relationship between Point Load index (PLI) and USC for various rocks [11], but not for oil shale. Additionally, methods like Crushing Resistance Test (CRT) could be utilised for evaluating oil shale mechanical properties.

small crusher for shale - jazzneersel

Shale crusher,Shale Crushing Plant,Shale Crusher equipment Shale introduction: Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized.

WVU Shale Lab Digs Into Marcellus-Utica Permeability .

In regards to other methods of permeability testing, such as the GRI Method (Gas Research Institute) of utilizing crush shale to estimate permeability, the technology developed at the PPAL is more consistent for defining permeability than the GRI Method, according to Aminian. “There are two key issues with the GRI method.

Total porosity measurement in gas shales by the water .

porosimetry (WIP) method . Over the past decade interest in shale properties has increased due to the commercial success of gas shale . crushing is used to accelerate the extraction of the formation fluids and to facilitate heliumintrusion in the pore space during the grain

Total porosity measurement in gas shales by the water .

porosimetry (WIP) method . Over the past decade interest in shale properties has increased due to the commercial success of gas shale . crushing is used to accelerate the extraction of the formation fluids and to facilitate heliumintrusion in the pore space during the grain

(PDF) Utilization of waste rock from oil shale mining .

Waste rock from bulk and selective extraction contains fine particles of oil shale. Therefore selective crushing using impact crushers is needed. Impact crushers are characterized by a high reduction ratio and are used for selective crushing, a method that liberates hard limestone from soft oil shale.

11.25 Clay Processing - US EPA

Shale is a laminated sedimentary rock that is formed by the consolidation of clay, mud, or silt. Common clay and shale are composed mainly of illite or chlorite. For most applications, clays are processed by mechanical methods, such as crushing, grinding, and screening, that do not appreciably alter the chemical or mineralogical

Shale: Sedimentary Rock - Pictures, Definition More

Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock that forms from the compaction of silt and clay-size mineral particles that we commonly call "mud." This composition places shale in a category of sedimentary rocks known as "mudstones." Shale is distinguished from other mudstones because it is fissile and laminated.

Oil shale mining in Estonia: Surface mining is the most .

In the process, the oil shale mingles with the embedded limestone. Prior to processing, the material extracted by blasting needs to be crushed in crushing plants. Method 2: semi-selective mining. Semi-selective mining does not use drilling and blasting. Oil shale and limestone are extracted and loaded using rippers, bulldozers and excavators.

Sustainability of Hydraulic Fracture Conductivity in .

• Modeling the whole spectrum of shale behavior (ductile to brittle) using a single modeling method is difficult and perhaps not necessary • We adopt a two-prong approach focusing the poro-viscoelastic/plastic deformation of shale matrix (proppant embedment problem) and the elastic-brittle failure of proppant grains (proppant crushing problem)

INTERDEPENDENCE BETWEEN POINT LOAD INDEX,

Interdependence between Point Load Index, Compressive Strength and Crushing Resistance. 257 14.0 ± 5.4 with a probability of 95% (Table 1). All calculations were based on the normal (Gaussian) distribution. Both oil shale and dolostone samples were involved. Table 1. Conversion factors with confidence limit calculated for rock samples

Shale Properties, Composition, Formation, Uses » Geology .

This method is known as hydraulic fracturing (fracking). . Shale used to make pottery and building materials requires little processing besides crushing and mixing with water. Shale is crushed and heated with limestone to make cement for the construction industry. Heating drives off water and breaks limestone into calcium oxide and carbon .

Utilising selective extraction, crushing and separation of .

Utilising selective extraction, crushing and separation of sedimentary mineral resources Ingo Valgma, Veiko Karu, Martin Nurme, Gaia Grossfeldt Department of Mining, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia The requirements for the quality of rock are changing from time to time depending on the customers. In

Method of explosive fracturing of a formation at depth .

A method is described for the recovery of metal values from an ore deposit by explosive fracturing of the ore formation at a depth at which the deposit is economically inaccessible by surface mining. Hydraulical fracturing is used to assist in propagating an explosive shock wave so as to obtain a .

What is the difference between shale oil and crude oil .

Sep 02, 2016  The main difference between crude oil and shale oil is the process of generation of each type of oil. First, let us understand more about shale rock. Shale rock is a fine-grained, soft sedimentary rock which is made up of clay particles and other .

COMPARISON OF HEATING METHODS FOR IN-SITU OIL

sufficient to heat the oil shale in other direct and indirect heating approaches and to compare pressurized hot fluid circulation to heating elements on terms of hydrocarbon production and energy efficiency while keeping all the model inputs similar for each method. This research also enables oil shale well design recommendations for direct and

CRUSHING OIL SHALE WITH NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVES - PHILLIPS .

Jul 20, 1971  According to the invention, there is provided a method whereby the effectiveness of a nuclear device detonated in an oil shale stratum to crush and shatter the shale is increased comprising fracturing the stratum prior to detonation of the device above the

:Parker Harry W从属关系: Phillips Petroleum Company

What are Unconventional Unconventional Resources

Global Unconventional Gas Holditch and Ayers, 2009 How Does Shale Produce Low porosity (6%) Very low perm High TOC Brittle rock Natural fractures Economic Problems: Unconventional Resources Cost of Drilling ($4 million for Marcellus wells) Pipe and casing cost Completion Environmental Restrictions Estimation of Reserves Estimation of Reserves

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